Kidney Cancer

By: Kimberly Dent-Ferguson, MBS, MPH, Research Analyst
Reviewed by: Jeffrey J. Tomaszewski, MD, Cooper University Hospital and Tara Schmidlen, MS, LCGC, Coriell Institute for Medical Research

What is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer is a cancer that forms in the lining of the tubules (small tubes) of the kidney. The main function of the kidneys is to clean and filter blood, remove waste products, and make urine. The kidneys also play a role in blood pressure control and make sure the body has enough red blood cells. Renal cell cancer (RCC) is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. The exact cause of kidney cancer is unknown; however, smoking and obesity are known risk factors1.

How Common is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer accounts for approximately 3% of all cancers in adults. It is the seventh most common cancer in men and tenth most common cancer in women. The lifetime risk of developing kidney cancer is about 1 in 63 (1.6%)2. Men are more likely than women to develop kidney cancer3.

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Learn more about Kidney Cancer, from symptoms to understanding your risk, through the links below.

Page References

Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Learn more about Kidney Cancer Learn More› ]

Risk Factors

Both genetic and non-genetic factors play a role in Kidney Cancer Learn More› ]

Reduce Your Risk

Risk-reducing behaviors for Kidney Cancer Learn More› ]

The CPMC Study

Learn how the CPMC Study identifies your risk for Kidney Cancer Learn More› ]